[41] Forrest posted advertisements to join his regiment, with the slogan, "Let's have some fun and kill some Yankees!". [96], At the time of the massacre, General Grant was no longer in Tennessee but had transferred to the east to command all Union troops. The Forrest family had migrated to Tennessee from Virginia, via North Carolina, during the second half of the 18th Century, while the Beck family had moved from South … [189] It is now the site of the Arnold Engineering Development Center. During the Civil War period, Forrest came up with a cavalry which he used to fight the Civil War. Here's Nathan Bedford Forrest Biography and Profile. [141] According to Jack Hurst's 1993 biography, "Two years after Appomattox, Forrest was reincarnated as grand wizard of the Ku Klux Klan. In the hasty retreat, they stripped off commemorative badges that read "Remember Fort Pillow" to avoid goading the Confederate force pursuing them.[107]. Ku Klux Klan leader Nathan Bedford Forrest remains being removed from Health Sciences Park The remains of Ku Klux Klan leader and Confederate General Nathan Bedford Forrest and his wife will be removed from Health Sciences Park in West Tennessee in the coming months. Plan in Mississippi raises hackles", "Group Wants KKK Founder Gen. Nathan Bedford Forrest on License Plate", "Haley Barbour Won't Denounce Proposal Honoring Confederate General, Early KKK Leader", "Bust of Civil War General Stirs Anger in Alabama", "Petition Against Selma's Ku Klux Klan Monument", "Mayor Wharton: Remove Nathan Bedford Forrest statue and body from park", "Nathan Bedford Forrest statue won't be relocated", "Memphis removes Confederate statues from Downtown parks", "Memphis to Jefferson Davis: 'Na na na na, hey, hey, goodbye, "Removing Confederate statues 'only the beginning' for Memphis Greenspace", "Tennessee House Punishes Memphis For Confederate Statue Removal", "Nathan Bedford Forrest's descendant: Move the bust from Tennessee's Capitol - Featured letter", "Gov. [10] His father William was of English descent, and most of his biographers state that his mother Mariam was of Scotch-Irish descent, but the Memphis Genealogical Society says that she was of English descent. [6] In the last years of his life, Forrest insisted he had never been a member,[7] and made a public speech in favor of racial harmony. The ball went through Forrest's pelvis and lodged near his spine. Now years later, … [139] The title "Grand Wizard" was chosen because General Forrest had been known as "The Wizard of the Saddle" during the war. Conflicting accounts of what actually occurred were given later.[83][84][85]. Nathan Bedford Forrest was born on July 13th, 1821. In 1978, Middle Tennessee State University abandoned imagery it had formerly used (in 1951, the school's yearbook, The Midlander, featured the first appearance of Forrest's likeness as MTSU's official mascot) and MTSU president M. G. Scarlett removed the General's image from the university's official seal. Prominent ex-Confederates, including Forrest, the Grand Wizard of the Klan, and South Carolina's Wade Hampton, attended as delegates at the 1868 Democratic Convention, held at Tammany Hall headquarters at 141 East 14th Street in New York City. His birthplace was inTennessee. Nathan Bedford Forrest III (April 7, 1905 - June 13, 1943) was a Brigadier General of the United States Army Air Forces, and a great-grandson of Confederate General Nathan Bedford Forrest. McCreanor contracted to finish the Memphis & Little Rock Railroad, including a right-of-way that passed over the ridge. In Room 10 of the Maxwell, Forrest was sworn in as a member by John W. The Nathan Bedford Forrest Statue is a 20 feet (6.1 m) tall statue of Confederate General Nathan Bedford Forrest on a horse in Nashville, Tennessee, located near Interstate 65 at 701D Hogan Road. MEMPHIS, TN (WREG) — The remains of General Nathan Bedford Forrest and his wife are set to be removed from Health Sciences Park in the next couple of weeks. Report of the Committee on the Conduct of the War. [64] Gould shot Forrest in the hip and Forrest mortally stabbed Gould. (CNN)The remains of Confederate General Nathan Bedford Forrest and his wife will be removed from a Memphis park where a monument of him once stood. When the statues were removed, the mayor said they "no longer represent who we are as a modern, diverse city with momentum.". "It is a deliberate attempt to avoid the state law and the city is breaking the law," Lee Millar with Sons of the Confederate Veterans. The remains of General Nathan Bedford Forrest and his wife are set to be removed from Health Sciences Park in the next couple of weeks. In addition to this, he got rich through his cotton plantations. Nathan Bedford Forrest's Escort and Staff reveals the symbiotic relationship between Forrest and his men and how certain key decisions were made. [97], Because of the events at Fort Pillow, the Northern public and press viewed Forrest as a war criminal. When he received news of Lee's surrender, Forrest surrendered as well. … [240][241] The Sons of Confederate Veterans threatened a lawsuit against the city. Tom Hanks' title character in the film Forrest Gump remarks in one scene that his mother named him after Nathan Bedford Forrest and "we was related to him in some way". [167] In Louisiana, 1,000 blacks were killed to suppress Republican voting. MEMPHIS, Tenn. (WREG) — Two and a half years after Nathan Bedford Forrest’s statue was removed from a Memphis park, the bodies of Forrest and his wife will be removed as well. For Selma, of all places, to have a big monument to a Klansman is totally unacceptable". After his bloody defeat at Franklin, Hood continued on to Nashville. Nathan Bedford Forrest was born in Chapel Hill, Tennessee, on July 13, 1821. Forrest rarely drank and abstained from tobacco usage; he was often described as generally mild mannered, but according to Hosea and other contemporaries who knew him, his demeanor changed drastically when he was provoked or angered. [164] The Democratic Party platform denounced the Reconstruction Acts as unconstitutional, void, and revolutionary. Forrest’s men reportedly killed over 200 Union soldiers, many of them black troops who had formerly been slaves. The day was worse for Union troops, who suffered 223 killed, 394 wounded and 1,623 missing. His remains are set to be moved as early as February due to a recent court order. [47][48] Forrest arranged for heavy ordnance machinery, including a new cannon rifling machine and fourteen cannons, as well as parts from the Nashville Armory, to be sent to Atlanta for use by the Confederate Army. Nathan Bedford Forrest (July 13, 1821 – October 29, 1877) was a prominent Confederate Army general during the American Civil War and the first Grand Wizard of the Ku Klux Klan from 1867 to 1869. [140] Another member wrote, "N. B. One month later, while serving under General Stephen D. Lee, Forrest experienced tactical defeat at the Battle of Tupelo in 1864. Avoiding attack by never staying in one place long, eventually Forrest led his troops during the spring and summer of 1864 on raids into west Tennessee, as far north as the banks of the Ohio River in southwest Kentucky and into north Mississippi. In 1869, Forrest expressed disillusionment with the lack of discipline among the nascent white supremacist terrorist group,[5] across the South, and issued a letter ordering the dissolution of the Ku Klux Klan and the destruction of its costumes; he then withdrew from the organization. [236] An online petition at Change.org asking the City Council to ban the monument collected 313,617 signatures by mid-September of the same year. Morton. [165], During the presidential election of 1868, the Ku Klux Klan under the leadership of Forrest, along with other terrorist groups, used brutal violence and intimidation against blacks and Republican voters. In July, he led them into Middle Tennessee under orders to launch a cavalry raid, and on July 13, 1862, led them into the First Battle of Murfreesboro, as a result of which all of the Union units surrendered to Forrest, and the Confederates destroyed much of the Union's supplies and railroad track in the area. The ridgetop commissaryhe built as a provisioning store for the 1,000 Irish laborers hired to lay the rails became the … Hicks refused to comply with the ultimatum, and according to his subsequent report, Forrest's troops took a position and set up a battery of guns while a flag of truce was still up. Former Memphis Mayor Willie Herenton, who is black, blocked the move. [15][10][16] In 1858, Forrest was elected a Memphis city alderman as a Democrat and served two consecutive terms. But the Tennessee Historical Commission denied the city's request. Forrest sent a full charge after the retreating army and captured 16 artillery pieces, 176 wagons and 1,500 stands of small arms. [10] Forrest's family lived in a log house (now preserved as the Nathan Bedford Forrest Boyhood Home) from 1830 to 1833. The poor deluded negroes would run up to our men fall upon their knees and with uplifted hands scream for mercy but they were ordered to their feet and then shot down. After his father's death, Forrest became head of the family at age 17. Forrest, who was a slave trader and early Ku Klux Klan leader, and his wife, Mary Ann, had their graves at Health Sciences Park, where a monument to Forrest used to be. [77] What happened next became known as the Fort Pillow Massacre. [227], In the 1990 PBS documentary The Civil War by Ken Burns, historian Shelby Foote states in Episode 7 that the Civil War produced two "authentic geniuses": Abraham Lincoln and Nathan Bedford Forrest. Currently our beloved Lieutenant General Nathan Bedford Forrest and his wife, Mary Ann Montgomery Forrest, are … The removal promoted the group to file a lawsuit against the City of Memphis and Memphis Greenspace. [109] Union forces drove the Confederates from the field and Forrest was wounded in the foot, but his forces were not wholly destroyed. Forrest's grandson, Nathan Bedford Forrest II (1872–1931), became commander-in-chief of the Sons of Confederate Veterans[34] and a Grand Dragon of the Ku Klux Klan in Georgia and secretary of the national organization. Brother: Jesse A. Forrest Brother: Jeffrey Wife: Mary Ann Montgomery (m. 25-Apr-1845) Son: William M. Forrest Daughter: Mary H. Forrest Son: Nathan Bedford Forrest, Jr. [73][74][75], Fort Pillow, located 40 miles (64 km) upriver from Memphis (near Henning, Tennessee), was originally constructed by Confederate general Gideon Johnson Pillow on the bluffs of the Mississippi River, and taken over by Union forces in 1862 after the Confederates had abandoned the fort. [65] Forrest was thought to have been fatally wounded by Gould but he recovered and was ready to fight in the Chickamauga Campaign. In all, the maneuver cost Forrest 96 men killed and 396 wounded. Nathan Bedford Forrest was born to a poor family in Bedford County, Tennessee. Nathan Bedford Forrest was bornon July 13, 1821 in Chapel Hill, United States, is Military commander. "They don't have to worry about further protests, further potential vandalism of the monuments," Van Turner, president of Memphis Greenspace and Shelby County Commissioner, said. A common report is that Forrest arrived in Nashville in April 1867 while the Klan was meeting at the Maxwell House Hotel, probably at the encouragement of a state Klan leader, former Confederate general George Gordon. [184] In light of the 2015 church shooting in Charleston, South Carolina, some Tennessee lawmakers advocated removing a bust of Forrest located in the state's Capitol building. [169] The popular vote was much closer: Grant received 3,013,365 (52.7%) votes, while Seymour received 2,708,744 (47.3%) votes. His father, William Forrest was a blacksmith while his mother was called Miriam Beck. "[119], As a former slave trader and slave owner, Forrest experienced the abolition of slavery at war's end as a major financial setback. [89] The rebels said the Union flag was still flying over the fort, which indicated that the force had not formally surrendered. [233] Barbour refused to denounce the honor, noting instead that the state legislature would not be likely to approve the plate anyway. He along with his twin sister, Fanny was the eldest of the twelve children born to the couple. The remains of Confederate General Nathan Bedford Forrest and his wife will be removed from a Memphis park where a monument of him once stood. A bust sculpted by Jane Baxendale is on display at the Tennessee State Capitol building in Nashville. Congress and Grant passed the Enforcement Acts from 1870 to 1871, to protect "registration, voting, officeholding, or jury service" of African Americans. On May 9, 1865, at Gainesville, Forrest read his farewell address to the men under his command, enjoining them to "submit to the powers to be, and to aid in restoring peace and establishing law and order throughout the land. In August 2000, a road on Fort Bliss named for Forrest decades earlier was renamed for former post commander Richard T. Bill Lee will no longer proclaim Nathan Bedford Forrest Day after legislature passes bill", Animated History of The Campaigns of Nathan Bedford Forrest, General Nathan Bedford Forrest Historical Society, List of Union Civil War monuments and memorials, List of memorials to the Grand Army of the Republic, List of Confederate monuments and memorials, Removal of Confederate monuments and memorials. After success in achieving the objectives specified by Hood, Forrest engaged Union forces near Murfreesboro on December 5, 1864. [35] A great-grandson, Nathan Bedford Forrest III (1905–1943), graduated from West Point and rose to the rank of brigadier general in the U.S. Army Air Corps; he was killed during a bombing raid over Nazi Germany in 1943, becoming the first American general to die in combat in the European theatre during World War II. [204] Leaders in other localities have also tried to remove or eliminate Forrest monuments, with mixed success. [170] The committee also noted, "The natural tendency of all such organizations is to violence and crime; hence it was that General Forrest and other men of influence in the state, by the exercise of their moral power, induced them to disband". Confederate Cavalry General. Although scholars generally acknowledge Forrest's skills and acumen as a cavalry leader and military strategist, he has remained a controversial figure in Southern racial history, especially for his main role in the massacre of over 300 black soldiers at Fort Pillow coupled with his post-war role in leading the Klan. [43], Forrest won praise for his performance under fire during an early victory in the Battle of Sacramento in Kentucky, the first in which he commanded troops in the field, where he routed a Union force by personally leading a cavalry charge that was later commended by his commander, Brigadier General Charles Clark. He reported for training at Fort Wright near Randolph, Tennessee,[37] joining Captain Josiah White's cavalry company, the Tennessee Mounted Rifles (Seventh Tennessee Cavalry), as a private along with his youngest brother and 15-year-old son. [192] A Tennessee-based organization, the Sons of Confederate Veterans, posthumously awarded Forrest their Confederate Medal of Honor, created in 1977. [117], In the spring of 1865, Forrest led an unsuccessful defense of the state of Alabama against Wilson's Raid. [17][18] By the time the American Civil War started in 1861, he had become one of the richest men in the South, having amassed a "personal fortune that he claimed was worth $1.5 million". After Forrest's death, The New York Times reported that "General Bedford Forrest, the great Confederate cavalry officer, died at 7:30 o'clock this evening at the residence of his brother, Colonel Jesse Forrest", but also reported that it would not be for military victories that Forrest would pass into history, i.e., he would be most remembered for Fort Pillow. [164] The Seymour–Blair Democratic ticket's campaign slogan was: "Our Ticket, Our Motto, This Is a White Man's Country; Let White Men Rule". He was born to a poor family of 12 children with him, and his twin sister is the oldest. The infantry, tired, weary and suffering under the heat, were quickly broken and sent into mass retreat. [136] The organization had grown to the point where an experienced commander was needed, and Forrest was well-suited to the role. [176], In response to the Pole-Bearers speech, the Cavalry Survivors Association of Augusta, the first Confederate organization formed after the war, called a meeting in which Captain F. Edgeworth Eve gave a speech expressing strong disapproval of Forrest's remarks promoting inter-ethnic harmony, ridiculing his faculties and judgment and berating the woman who gave Forrest flowers as "a mulatto wench". Now years later, the family has agreed to move the remains to Columbia, Tennessee, the home of the … [16][38], His superior officers and Governor of Tennessee Isham G. Harris were surprised that someone of Forrest's wealth and prominence had enlisted as a soldier, especially since major planters were exempted from service. It was formerly installed in Forrest Park in Memphis, Tennessee. [101] Here, the mobility of the troops under his command and his superior tactics led to victory,[102][103] allowing him to continue harassing Union forces in southwestern Tennessee and northern Mississippi throughout the war. [195] The bust of Forrest was stolen from the cemetery monument in March 2012 and replaced in May 2015. In honor of Gen. Forrest's unwavering defense of Selma, the great state of Alabama, and the Confederacy, this memorial is dedicated. In April 1864, in what has been called "one of the bleakest, saddest events of American military history",[4] troops under Forrest's command massacred Union troops who had surrendered, most of them black soldiers, along with some white Tennessean Southern Loyalists fighting for the Union, at the Battle of Fort Pillow. Nathan Bedford Forrest’s remains to be moved from Memphis park. [218] It was the South's publicly stated position that slaves firing on whites would be killed on the spot, along with Southern whites that fought for the Union, whom the Confederacy considered traitors. The Republicans had nominated one of Forrest's battle adversaries, Union war hero Ulysses S. Grant, for the Presidency at their convention held in October. Forrest’s bust in the state capitol has caused controversy, and his statue in the park was removed in 2017; however, his and his wife’s remains were kept at the park. Nathan Bedford Forrest, the Confederate Civil War general who some say founded the Ku Klux Klan, died October 29, 1877. They commissioned him as a lieutenant colonel and authorized him to recruit and train a battalion of Confederate mounted rangers. Now years later, the family has agreed to move the remains to … Currently our beloved Lieutenant General Nathan Bedford Forrest and his wife, Mary Ann Montgomery Forrest, are still buried in Health Sciences Park, originally Forrest Park, in Memphis. The school unveiled its latest mascot, a winged horse called "Lightning" inspired by the mythological Pegasus, during halftime of a basketball game against rival Tennessee State University on January 17, 1998. He sidestepped some questions and pleaded failure of memory on others. This equestrian statue of Confederate general Nathan Bedford Forrest was erected in May 1905. [11] He and his twin sister, Fanny, were the two eldest of blacksmith William Forrest's 12 children with wife Miriam Beck. More than 100,000 men from Tennessee served with the Confederacy and over 31,000 served with the Union. The Confederates tried to storm the fort, but were repulsed; they rallied and made two more attempts, both of which failed. [246][247] However, since that time, Governor Bill Lee's administration introduced a bill – passed by the Tennessee legislature on June 10, 2020 – which released the governor from the former requirement that he issue a proclamation of that observance each year, and a spokesman for Governor Lee confirmed that he would not be signing a Forrest Day proclamation in July 2020. His son, Nathan Bedford Forrest III(1905-1943), graduated from We… He was not as successful in railroad promoting as in war and, under his direction, the company went bankrupt. [93] The New York newspaper obituary stated: Since the war, Forrest has lived at Memphis, and his principal occupation seems to have been to try and explain away the Fort Pillow affair. T he Ku Klux Klan (KKK) was formed in 1865, shortly after the end of the American Civil War, but it didn’t prosper until 1867 when it came under the leadership of Nathan Bedford Forrest, former Confederate cavalry commander. [30][50], By early summer, Forrest commanded a new brigade of inexperienced cavalry regiments. The remains of Nathan Bedford Forrest will be … Nathan Bedford Forrest’s remains to be moved wreg.com - WREG Staff. Posted By: Ribicon, 1/16/2021 11:34:47 AM Memphis, Tenn.—The remains of General Nathan Bedford Forrest and his wife are set to be removed from Health Sciences Park in Memphis soon. [36], After the Civil War broke out, Forrest returned to Tennessee from his Mississippi ventures and enlisted in the Confederate States Army (CSA) on June 14, 1861. [69][70][71], On December 4, 1863, Forrest was promoted to the rank of major general. Nearly ruined as the result of this failure, Forrest spent his final days running an eight-hundred acre farm on land he leased on President's Island in the Mississippi River, where he and his wife lived in a log cabin. The remains of Nathan Bedford Forrest and his wife would be moved to a Confederate museum in Columbia, Tennessee, if the plan is approved by a judge. [193], A monument to Forrest in the Confederate Circle section of Old Live Oak Cemetery in Selma, Alabama reads "Defender of Selma, Wizard of the Saddle, Untutored Genius, The first with the most. [228] Foote also made Forrest a major character in his novel Shiloh, which used numerous first-person stories to illustrate a detailed timeline and account of the battle.[229][230]. [208] Forrest fought by simple rules; he maintained that "war means fighting and fighting means killing" and the way to win was "to get there first with the most men". For other uses, see, Klan prosecution and Congressional testimony (1871), Differences with Southern white majority (1870s), sfn error: no target: CITEREFSelect_CommitteePolandScott1872 (, massacre of over 300 black soldiers at Fort Pillow, church shooting in Charleston, South Carolina, List of American Civil War generals (Confederate), "Remembering Rutherford: Forrest was postwar activist for black civil rights", "National Register of Historic Places Inventory – Nomination Form: Nathan Bedford Forrest Boyhood Home", "Lieutenant-General N. B. Forrest and His Campaigns", "Civil War Myths, Mistakes and Fabrications", "The Fort Pillow Massacre. [155], In an 1868 interview by a Cincinnati newspaper, Forrest claimed that the Klan had 40,000 members in Tennessee and 550,000 total members throughout the Southern states. The Horrors and Cruelties of the Scene Intensified. His uncle was killed there in 1845 during an argument with the Matlock brothers. Th… Then, in 2015, they voted to move the Forrest statue. In an attempt to expunge any and all reminders of the city's Confederate history, the Memphis City Council voted unanimously Tuesday, July 7 to remove a statue honoring Confederate General Nathan Bedford Forrest and exhuming the bodies of the general and his wife, Mary. High schools named for Forrest were built in Chapel Hill, Tennessee and Jacksonville, Florida. [114] When Hood's battle-hardened Army of Tennessee, consisting of 40,000 men deployed in three infantry corps plus 10,000 to 15,000 cavalry, was all but destroyed on December 15–16, at the Battle of Nashville,[115] Forrest distinguished himself by commanding the Confederate rear guard in a series of actions that allowed what was left of the army to escape. As a result, Grant was forced to revise and delay the strategy of his Vicksburg campaign. Though Forrest had no prior formal military training or experience, he had exhibited leadership and soon proved he could successfully employ tactics. He emptied his Colt Army revolvers into the swirling mass of Union soldiers and pulled out his saber, hacking and slashing. He acquired several cotton plantations in the Delta region of West Tennessee,[10] and became a slave trader at a time when demand for slaves was booming in the Deep South; his slave trading business was based on Adams Street in Memphis. Remains of Confederate general, his wife will be removed from Tennessee park A statue of Confederate Gen. Nathan Bedford Forrest is shown Aug. 18, … A grandson, Nathan Bedford Forrest II (1872-1931), was president of the Sons of Confederate Veterans and a Grand Dragon of the Ku Klux Klan. "It's my right as an American to not support that, to not visit it. He thanked Forrest for the offer and stated that had war broken out, he would have considered it an honor to have served side by side with him. He had become interested in the area around Crowley's Ridge during the war, and took up civilian life in 1865 in Memphis, Tennessee. [163] Former Governor of New York Horatio Seymour was nominated as the Democratic presidential candidate, while Forrest's friend, Frank Blair, Jr. was nominated as the Democratic vice presidential candidate, Seymour's running mate. Obelisks in his memory were placed at his birthplace in Chapel Hill, Tennessee and at Nathan Bedford Forrest State Park near Camden. A contemporary newspaper account from Jackson, Tennessee stated that "General Forrest begged them to surrender" but "not the first sign of surrender was ever given". [212] He grasped the doctrines of mobile warfare[213] that would eventually become prevalent in the 20th century. [10], Forrest served with the main army at the Battle of Chickamauga on September 18–20, 1863, in which he pursued the retreating Union army and took hundreds of prisoners. Klansmen took their orders from their former Confederate officers. Report of the Sub-committee", "Abraham Lincoln to Cabinet, Tuesday, May 03, 1864 (Fort Pillow massacre)", "Gen. Nathan Bedford Forrest and the KKK", "General Nathan Bedford Forrest Versus the Ku Klux Klan", "Memphis daily appeal. [194] As an armory for the Confederacy, Selma provided a substantial part of the South's ammunition during the Civil War. [219] According to this analysis, Forrest's troops were carrying out Confederate policy. Their unusual abilities as fighters, thinkers, and leaders made for a team of men who formed a unique brotherhood that lasted long after the war. "As an American, as a defender of the Constitution, it is their right to do so, to freely express their views," said Turner. [94] The 226 Union troops taken prisoner at Fort Pillow were marched under guard to Holly Springs, Mississippi and then convoyed to Demopolis, Alabama. Forrest continued to lead his men in small-scale operations, including the Battle of Dover and the Battle of Brentwood until April 1863. All Previous Reports Fully Confirmed. New! Nathan married Mary Ann Montgomery (1826–1893), the daughter of a Presbyterian minister, in 1845 and had two children: William Montgomery Bedford Forrest (1846–1908), who enlisted at the age of 15 and served alongside his father in the war, and a daughter, Fanny (1849–1854), who died in childhood. "[67][68] The story that Forrest confronted and threatened the life of Bragg in the fall of 1863, following the battle of Chickamauga, and that Bragg transferred Forrest to command in Mississippi as a direct result, is now considered to be apocryphal. He then mounted a second horse, which was shot out from under him as well, forcing him to mount a third horse. 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Protect former associates [ 54 ] [ 85 ] blood, human blood stood in... ] on March 31 the Klan struck, killing prominent Republican organizer George Ashburn in Columbus [! Throughout the night, 176 wagons and 1,500 stands of small nathan bedford forrest wife,! Small-Scale operations, including a right-of-way that passed over the ridge of blacksmith William Forrest given. 106 ] Sturgis ordered his infantry to advance to the couple Park as well other.

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